An examination of the issue of drug testing in the workplace
Drug testing in the workplace arguments
Beverly Hills, Calif. Murphy et al. Tests There is no specific and explicit law on drug tests in Germany. Konovsky, M. They will claim that the reason for the injury was that the employee was under the influence of drugs. Establishing that covariation among variables exists is not sufficient. Hanson, A. The rules, to which the health care professional and laboratory, that perform and issue the tests certificates, are not known, but we believe that the health professionals are obliged to professional secrecy —section 6 3 refers to provisions of section 19 of the Occupational Health Care Act . This is when people are at their most vulnerable because they are not employed and have far fewer employment rights, are not covered by grievance or appeals procedures and do not have the support of a union. The mentioned article still foresees the conditions in which the worker may provide information to third persons urgent reasons, with due regard to the wishes of the deceased and the interest of those concerned. Professional secrecy The professional secrecy is regulated in the Act of 2 July Nr. Engs, ed.
When performing this mission, the occupational doctor must find out, if there is the case, if the job applicant or the employee is exposed to such a danger by the abuse of illicit narcotic substances.
Hayghe, H. Prediction is particularly important in practical applications, for example, the selection of applicants for employment, college entrance, and training programs. Google Scholar Walsh, J.
Effectiveness of drug testing in the workplace
Bureau of the Census That means that in general, drug tests shall only be carried out if there is a suspicion or a specific event. Google Scholar Rothman, M. Regarding alcohol at work, the Supreme Court Cour de Cassation admits control devices in the premises if the results can be contested, and taking into account the task trusted to the employee, a state of drunkenness might endanger people and goods, according to the Labour Code, art. In recent years testing has become more accurate, and if a sample is conducted by an approved laboratory, and the sample is subject to a confirmation test then false positive results are now less common. According to article 21 of the Medical Law everything a doctor learns about the patient Mahoney A paradox in the interpretation of group comparisons. The fact that an individual is willing to turn down a job offer in an experimental simulation does not necessarily predict behavior in real job interviews. Drugpositive and control groups were matched on sex, age, ethnicity, job category, and length of service in an attempt to control for nonrandom selection of subjects. SaveSavedRemoved 0. Sheridan, J.
In particular, more information is needed about the impact of drug-testing programs on the health and productivity of the work force. Taggart, R.
However, as with any other type of selection program, the predictive efficacy of drug test results depends on a few critical selection parameters. Poland 3. However generally, where wide-scale drug testing has been considered, it has been rejected either because of cost or doubts over the effectiveness.
Google Scholar Zwerling, C.
based on 3 review