Despite Tom's conviction, Bob Ewell is humiliated by the events of the trial, Atticus explaining that he "destroyed [Ewell's] last shred of credibility at that trial.
He was hidden until virtually forgotten; he died in Its bloodless liberal humanism is sadly dated". Christopher Metress writes that the book is "an icon whose emotive sway remains strangely powerful because it also remains unexamined". The female characters who comment the most on Scout's lack of willingness to adhere to a more feminine role are also those who promote the most racist and classist points of view.
Convinced that Boo did it, Jem tells Atticus about the mended pants and the presents.
Lee's father, Amasa Coleman Lee, was an attorney, similar to Atticus Finch, and inhe defended two black men accused of murder. Atticus is the moral center of the novel, however, and he teaches Jem one of the most significant lessons of courage. He is a prominent lawyer who encourages his children to be empathetic and just.
Tom Robinson's trial was juried by poor white farmers who convicted him despite overwhelming evidence of his innocence, as more educated and moderate white townspeople supported the jury's decision.
Atticus stands apart as a unique model of masculinity; as one scholar explains: "It is the job of real men who embody the traditional masculine qualities of heroic individualism, bravery, and an unshrinking knowledge of and dedication to social justice and morality, to set the society straight.