Chemistry of urine lab report
Bladder or kidney cancer Increased white blood cells in urine may indicate: A bacterial urinary tract infection. Stuttgart: Thieme; Glucose can also be found in urine when the kidneys are damaged or diseased.
It is transported in the blood to the liver, where it is processed and excreted into the gut as a constituent of bile. Examine data and create reports. The higher the specific gravity, the more solid material is in the urine. Christian, G. Having an X-ray test with contrast material in the past 3 days. When protein can pass through this barrier, it is known as proteinuria. Bundesanzeiger ; Symptoms of a urine infection may include coloured or bad-smelling urine, pain when urinating, finding it hard to urinate, flank pain, blood in the urine hematuria , or fever.
How It Is Done A routine urine test can be done in your doctor's office, clinic, or lab. Only small amounts of urobilinogen are found in urine. Test urine for pH, specific gravity, and the presence of electrolytes and organic compounds. Your doctor may ask you to stop taking certain medicines that colour the urine.
Before testing the urine using a reagent dipstick strip, the observations listed should be completed.
Urinalysis result interpretation chart
What can be tested with a hour urine sample? To take corrective action when needed. Each part will be discussed accordingly in the following sections of the laboratory report. Modern Analytical Chemistry. Johns Hopkins Medicine; c Since the laboratory procedure only involved a qualitative method for analysis, so only the physical characteristic of the testing was observed. Protein In a healthy person, urine does not contain a level of protein that is detectable on a urine reagent strip. They should be mobile and dextrous enough to be able to do this, and be instructed in the technique to prevent contamination from hands or the genital area. Risks There is no chance for problems in collecting a urine sample. White blood cells pus in the urine may be caused by a urinary tract infection, bladder tumour, inflammation of the kidneys, systemic lupus erythematosus SLE , or inflammation in the vagina or under the foreskin of the penis.
References Hinkle J, Cheever K. Urine culture What is a urine culture? A pH value over 7 may be a sign of a bacterial urinary tract infection.
Normal urine test results chart
Objectives: —To have an opportunity to apply the principles and techniques theoretically learnt into real-life problem solving situations. It can also be used for diabetes, some diseases of the blood, and bladder stones. To take corrective action when needed. Adults and children who are continent and can empty their bladder should either provide a random sample or be advised to provide an MSU sample. Dark yellow urine can be caused by dehydration. Urinalysis is easy to undertake but results must be interpreted correctly. Using this parameter in conjunction with urine analysis, it is an important quantitative variable that is commonly used in the evaluation of kidney function and help to diagnose renal diseases. Hemoglobin, Urine; p. London: Churchill Livingstone. Abnormal: Red blood cells in the urine may be caused by kidney or bladder injury, kidney stones , a urinary tract infection UTI , inflammation of the kidneys glomerulonephritis , a kidney or bladder tumour, or systemic lupus erythematosus SLE. Urinary casts are usually a sign of kidney disease, such as an inflammation of the renal pelvis.
Pregnancy tests What is a pregnancy test? The higher the specific gravity, the more solid material is in the urine.
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