London: Routledge. Shen disagrees with this view, arguing that it boils down to a merely quantitative approach, a measurement of the relative length of the normative and the transgressive portions of the text; she suggests that there is a more general "legitimacy" that is violated by alterations : — Whether a text itself can achieve or suggest such hypothetical focalization is an interesting question awaiting an answer.
Point of view in the cinema: A theory of narration and subjectivity in classical film. Daybreak becomes a narrative of following the one-armed man around. Thus, in Poe's "The Fall of the House of Usher," the narrator invokes an imaginary onlooker of this kind when he describes the house: "Perhaps the eye of a scrutinizing observer might have discovered a barely perceptible fissure, which, extending from the roof of the building in front, made its way down the wall [ Within the point-of-view model, this change makes some sense.
For our purposes, focalization is a restriction on narrative information, usually in relation to characters.
Writings on this topic in regards to film are also quite numerous. Narrative Fiction: Contemporary Poetics. Whether this is the case depends on how Mary's act of perception is narrated and on the context in which it occurs.
Surely, more remains to be said on the subject, in particular on the types of subjective imagery seen in comics and how other formal elements of a comic may be said to show focalization.
Admittedly, Bal is not the only one to equate focalization with perception. A new sofa had been introduced, a horrid chintz affair, most unprelatical and almost irreligious; such a sofa as never yet stood in the study of any decent High Church clergyman of the Church of England