Socrates claim of ignorance stated in his defense at the trial in athens
He believes that the greatest good of man is daily to converse about virtue, examining both himself and others, for the unexamined life is not worth living.
Socrates apology analysis
Socrates is concerned with both epistemological and moral advances for the interlocutor and himself. The Presocratics were not just those who came before Socrates, for there are some Presocratic philosophers who were his contemporaries. For all the jurors knew, the deity could have been hostile to Athenian interests. Regarding the Charge of Impiety Socrates next takes up the charge of Impiety. Socrates stated that he had no money with which to pay a fine, and although any one of a number of his friends would have been glad to supply him with whatever amount was needed, he could not accept it, for by so doing he would be admitting guilt of something about which he was entirely innocent. A religious crime was consequently an offense not just against the gods, but also against the city itself. Again Socrates points out another source of the prejudice against him that has developed over the years. This is the only instance in The Apology of the elenchus, or cross-examination, which is so central to most Platonic dialogues. The only kind of eloquence for which he has any use is that which sets forth the truth in language so plain that they can all understand. His accusers have warned the judges to be on their guard lest they be deceived by the eloquence of Socrates in his attempt to convince them of his innocence. It is worth nothing that Socrates does not claim here that he knows nothing. Socrates suggests that he does not engage in the same sort of cosmological inquiries that were the main focus of many Presocratics. Instead of speaking about chronology of composition, contemporary scholars searching for views that are likely to have been associated with the historical Socrates generally focus on a group of dialogues that are united by topical similarity. There are a number of complications with this interpretive thesis, and many of them focus on the portrayal of Socrates.
In that vein, Socrates then engages in dark humour, suggesting that Meletus narrowly escaped a great fine for not meeting the statutory requirement of receiving one-fifth of the votes of the assembled judges in favour of his accusations against Socrates.
Eudaimonism The Greek word for happiness is eudaimonia, which signifies not merely feeling a certain way but being a certain way. Origin of the Socratic Problem The Socratic problem first became pronounced in the early 19th century with the influential work of Friedrich Schleiermacher.
He would then be free to go to some foreign country, and no one would interfere with what he was doing. Hence his action is directed towards the good because this is what he truly wants Gorgias cb.
Socrates also appears in the works of many famous modern philosophers.
Amongst other things, the Peripatetics accused Socrates of being a bigamist, a charge that appears to have gained so much traction that the Stoic Panaetius wrote a refutation of it Plutarch, Aristides c-d. So far as corrupting the youth was concerned, he made it plain that he had never attempted to indoctrinate his listeners or to coerce them into accepting a particular set of ideas.
Nearly every school of philosophy in antiquity had something positive to say about Socrates, and most of them drew their inspiration from him.
Finally, the account in the Apology is in harmony with the reports given by Xenophon and other writers, and it is also consistent with references to the trial found in the other Platonic dialogs.
based on 79 review