This was actually the time when fear and punishment was used as motivators for learning and behaviour. Confucian tradition discouraged commerce, but they moved Japan as forcefully and quickly as possible into the world of international commerce. More directly threatening to the Tokugawa were the growing challenges after the late s from establishment scholars and political leaders of major domains.
Little did the missionaries consider the merits of indigenous African education even neglecting the fact that African children in pre-colonial period learnt what they lived. As a byproduct of colonization, the colonizing nation implements its own form of schooling within their colonies.
African children in pre-colonial period learnt what they lived simply because their type of education looked mainly at the wellbeing of an individual and it can be eloquently said that education existed in every society around the world.
This was done mainly to prepare boys and girls for adult life in households, villages and tribes. Internationalization showed up in two ways.